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Types of Hernias

At The Longstreet Clinic’s Department of General Surgery we diagnose and treat all types of hernias. The most common hernia types that we see are hiatal, inguinal, umbilical, incisional and femoral. Hernias occur when layers of the abdomen become weak or torn. The pressure of an organ or tissue then pushes on the lining of the abdominal wall. A hernia typically involves the stomach or intestines.
 
Hiatal Hernia
A hiatal hernia occurs when part of your stomach pushes upward through your diaphragm (the hiatus). The diaphragm has a small opening (esophagus) that allows food to pass through. When the stomach pushes up through this opening it causes a hiatal hernia. If the hernia is small, there are often no symptoms. If your hiatal hernia is on the larger side, it can cause food and acid to back up in your esophagus and lead to heartburn.
 
Inguinal Hernia
An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue or part of the intestine bulges through the abdomen or groin. The bulge can cause pain when lifting heavy objects or bending over. These hernias do not typically resolve on their own, so our board certified surgeons will mostly likely recommend a minimally invasive or robotic procedure to repair the hernia.
 
Umbilical Hernia
Umbilical hernias are a condition when part of the intestine protrudes through the belly button. Infants can be born with this type of hernia, or they can develop within adults, most often in women. The most common symptom for an umbilical hernia is a bulge transpiring from the belly button. If the hernia does not resolve on its own surgical methods may be needed.
 
Incisional Hernia
A scar in the abdomen left from a previous surgery, such as the removal of an appendix or a caesarian section, can cause an incisional hernia. During the operation when the layers of the abdomen are stitched, the closure can come apart or fail to heal. If the hernia continues to enlarge surgical options may be required.
 
Femoral Hernia
The most uncommon type of hernia is the femoral hernia. This hernia occurs when tissue bulges from the thigh or groin area. Some of these may be present at birth, but they are most often brought on by heavy lifting or even obesity. This type of hernia is usually present in women more often than men. This lump located in the thigh or near the groin is typically painful.
 
If you are experiencing what may be a hernia, contact The Department of General Surgery at The Longstreet Clinic, P.C. Our general surgeons specialize in diagnosing and treating every type of hernia, no matter how complex. With years of extensive experience and knowledge in the hernia treatment department, our team looks forward to sitting down with you one-on-one to discuss your treatment options. Contact us or call 770-536-2323.