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Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition in which bone mass decreases and bone tissue deteriorates. This results in porous, fragile bones that are more susceptible to fracture.


Symptoms of Osteoporosis

In the early stages of osteoporosis, patients typically exhibit no symptoms, making it difficult to catch early. After the initial stages of the disease, patients may experience:

 

  • Back or neck pain
  • Bone pain and tenderness
  • Slumped back posture
  • Gradual height loss
  • Fractures from minor injuries

Because symptoms are difficult to notice and do not manifest early on, it is important to consider the risk factors of osteoporosis to determine if you are likely to develop the disease.

Causes and Risk Factors of Osteoporosis

There is no known direct cause of osteoporosis, but there are a variety of factors that increase your risk of developing the disease:
  • Gender: women are more likely than men to have osteoporosis
  • Age: adults between the ages of 40-55 are at higher risk
  • Genetics: a family history of the disease increases risk
  • Frame size: thinner, smaller-boned individuals are at increased risk
  • Race: people of Asian and European descent are at higher risk
  • Lifestyle: poor nutrition, smoking, excessive drinking and lack of exercise can increase risk
If you have characteristics described above and believe you may have osteoporosis, schedule an appointment with a physician today for an examination. Early diagnosis is critical.

Diagnosis of Osteoporosis

If you are at increased risk for osteoporosis, or have exhibited symptoms, a doctors will typically examine your medical history, conduct a physical examination and a painless, non-invasive and accurate bone density test. If you are at high risk of the disease based on the above risk factors, do not wait for symptoms to materialize. Get a diagnosis from a doctor as soon as possible to begin treatment before the disease enters an advanced stage.

Treatment of Osteoporosis

There is no cure for osteoporosis, but treatment can slow, stop or reverse bone loss caused by the disease. An exercise and diet plan along with medication can improve bone density and reduce the symptoms of osteoporosis. Drugs that decrease the rate of bone dissolution include:
  • Alendronate
  • Risedronate
  • Ibandronate
  • Zoledronic Acid
Consult your doctor to determine the best treatment plan for you.

Contact us today to schedule an appointment or to learn more about osteoporosis.