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Diagnosis and Treatment of Pelvic Pain

Diagnosis and Treatment of Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain in a woman can often refer to a discomfort in the region of women’s internal reproductive organs.  Although pelvic pain is commonly an indication that there is a problem with one of the productive organs, it could sometimes be a sign of infection or the pain could stem from the pelvic bone or in other non-reproductive organs.  If the pain is caused by a problem of one of the reproductive organs, it is typically with the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix or vagina. 

The cause of pelvic pain

There are many causes for pelvic pain for both men and women including:

  • Appendicitis
  • Bladder disorders
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
  • Kidney infection / kidney stones
  • Intestinal disorders
  • Nerve conditions
  • Hernia
  • Pelvis disorder
  • Broken pelvis
  • Psychological pain

For women, the causes of pelvic pain are a little more specific.  This may only include:

  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Miscarriage
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Ovulation
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine cancer
  • Cervical cancer


There are many symptoms often associated with pelvic pain.  It is important to talk to your doctor in order to be properly diagnosed.  Below are a number of symptoms often linked to pelvic pain.

  • Menstrual cramps
  • Menstrual pain
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Painful or difficult urinating
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Bloating or gas
  • Blood visible in bowel movements
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Fever or chills
  • Pain in hip or groin area

To properly diagnose pelvic pain, your doctor will ask you questions about your specific pain and any medical conditions you may have had in the past.  You will also perform a physical examination and may undergo tests to determine what is causing your pain.  These tests may range from blood and urine tests to pelvic x-rays and bone density screening.  Treatment of pelvic pain varies depending on the case.  Medication will often be prescribed to help with the pain and in some instances the treatment may involve surgery or other procedures.  Talk to your doctor today about questions you may have regarding the pelvic pain you are experiencing.  You can contact us or call The Longstreet Clinic at (770) 297-2200.